On December 1st 1955, Rosa Parks refused to relinquish her seat on a public bus. Park’s protest sparked the Montgomery bus protests and galvanized the Civil Rights movement. Yet, she was not the first African American in Montgomery to stand up against injustice. 9 months earlier, fifteen year old Claudette Colvin refused to give up her seat to a white passenger, she later told Newsweek “I felt like Sojourner Truth was pushing down on one shoulder and Harriet Tubman was pushing down on the other. I was glued to my seat”. Colvin was arrested for civil disobedience and briefly put in jail.